Sri Lanka at a Glance

Government: Sri Lanka, is a free, independent and sovereign nation with a population of 22,235 million (2016 estimate). Legislative power is exercised by a Parliament, elected by universal adult franchise on proportional representation basis. The President is both chief of state and head of government.

Population: 22 million

Life expectancy at birth: 73 male, 80 female

Literacy rate: 92.6%

Population Growth: 0.8% (2016 est.)

Languages: Sinhala, Tamil (official languages) & English (link language) are widely spoken throughout Sri Lanka.

Ethnic mix: Sinhalese- 74 per cent; Tamil- 11 per cent; Muslim -9 per cent; Burgher (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese settlers) and others- 0.5 per cent


Religion: Buddhism- 70 per cent; Hinduism- 12 per cent; Christianity- 7 per cent; Islam-9 per cent


Climate: Low Lands – tropical, average 27C - Central Hills : cooler, with temperatures dropping to 14C. The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July, while the north-eastern monsoon occurs in the north and east in December and January. Sri Lanka has a good climate for holiday-makers throughout the year.

Industries: processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction


Agriculture: rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, vegetables, fruit, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, beef; fish

Currency: Sri Lanka follows decimal currency system in Rupees (Rs.) and cents (Cts.) with 100 cents equal to a rupee (LKR). The intervention currency continuously will be the US Dollar.

GDP : US$ Billion 82.24 (2016)

Working week : Sri Lanka works a five-day week, from Monday to Friday.

Business hours: Government offices: 8.30 a.m. -4.30 p.m, Monday to Friday

Post office: 8.30 a.m.- 5.00 p.m., Monday to Friday    -     8.30 a.m. – 1.00 p.m. on Saturday.

Location: An island off the south-eastern coast shores of India, 880 km north of the equator, in the Indian Ocean

Embassy of Sri Lanka  - Via Adige, 2 - 00198 Rome - Tel. 06 8840801 © 2023 by All rights reserved